澳门威尼人斯99499_【老品牌值得信赖】

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    Beijing Upclouddata Technology

    X. Liu et al., Dilution effect of plant diversity on infectious diseases: latitudinal trend and biological context dependence.

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    X. Liu et al., Dilution effect of plant diversity on infectious diseases: latitudinal trend and biological context dependence.

    Oikos 129, 457 (2020).

    https://doi.org/10.1111/oik.07027

     

    Abstract

    Aim

    Our aim is to use elevational gradients to quantify the relationship between temperature and ecosystem functioning. Ecosystem functions such as decomposition, nutrient cycling and carbon storage are linked with the amount of microbial biomass in the soil. Previous studies have shown variable relationships between elevation and soil microbial biomass (SMB). Understanding the biological mechanisms linking SMB with elevational gradients will shed light on the environmental impacts of global warming.

    Location

    Global.

    Time period

    2002–2018.

    Major taxa studied

    Soil microbes.

    Method

    We performed a global metaanalysis of the relationships between SMB and elevation. Data were collected from 59 studies of 73 elevational transects from around the world.

    Results

    We found no consistent global relationship between SMB and elevation. SMB increased significantly with elevation in the tropics and subtropics, but not in other climate zones. However, we found consistent positive relationships between SMB, soil organic carbon and total nitrogen concentrations.

    Main conclusions

    Our results suggest that global warming will impact tropical and subtropical ecosystems more severely than colder regions. Tropical ecosystems, already at risk from species extinctions, will likely experience declines in SMB as the climate warms, resulting in losses of fundamental ecosystem functions such as nutrient cycling and carbon storage.

    2020年4月29日 22:16
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